The Arthur Kill ship graveyard was never meant to become such a decrepit spectacle. In the years following World War II, the adjacent scrapyard began to purchase scores of outdated vessels, with the intention of harvesting them for anything of value. But the shipbreakers couldn’t keep pace with the influx of boats, especially once people started to use the graveyard as a dumping ground for their old dinghies. Plenty of ships fell into such disrepair that they were no longer worth the effort to strip, especially since many teem with toxic substances. And so they’ve been left to rot in the murky tidal strait that divides Staten Island from New Jersey, where they’ve turned scarlet with rust and now host entire ecosystems of hardy aquatic creatures.

MORE: The Secret NYC Graveyard Where Ships Go to Die

(Source: Wired)


July 15, 1606: Dutch Artist Rembrandt Born

On this day in 1606, famous Dutch painter and etcher Rembrandt van Rijn was born.  Considered one of the greatest painters and printmakers in European art history, Rembrandt was best known for his portraits, self-portraits and illustrations of scenes from the Bible, history and mythology. His more than 600 paintings are often noted for his innovative use of shadow and light.

Explore the defining qualities of an authentic Rembrandt with “Rembrandt in America.”

Photo: Rembrandt Self-Portrait, 1659. Wikimedia Commons



"This project began from the theory that humans are made of cosmic matter as a result of a stars death. I created imagery that showcased this cosmic birth through the use of dust and reflective confetti to create galaxies. The models organic bodily expressions as they are frozen in time between the particles suggest their celestial creation. In addition, space and time is heightened by the use of three-dimensional animated gifs. Their movement serves as a visual metaphor to the spatial link we share with stars as well as their separateness through time." - Ignacio Torres


Stars over Berlin and Tokyo will soon replace these factory lights reflected in the noses of planes at Douglas Aircraft’s Long Beach, Calif., plant.

(Women workers groom lines of transparent noses for deadly A-20 attack bombers.” Alfred Palmer, October 1942)

(Source: archives.gov, via thisistheverge)


Chaos Theory and Starling Flocks in Nature.

Chaos theory have many applications in meteorology, sociology, physics, engineering,etc…..Also, Chaotic behavior can also be observed in many natural systems. In a scientific context, the word chaos has a slightly different meaning than it does in its general usage as a state of confusion, lacking any order. Chaos, with reference to chaos theory, refers to an apparent lack of order in a system that nevertheless obeys particular laws or rules. Chaotic behavior can be studied through analysis of a chaotic mathematical model, or through analytical techniques such as recurrence plots and Poincaré maps.

Starling flocks in Nature: When the starlings changes direction, speed, each of the other birds in the flock responds to the change and they do so nearly simultaneously regardless of the size of the flock.  In essence, information moves across the flock very quickly and with nearly no degradation. The researchers describe it as a high signal-to-noise ratio. The starlings are capable of extraordinary collective responses. These masses of birds move so synchronously, swiftly, and gracefully. (Shared from the article by Andrea Alfano)
The flock’ s movement is based on evasive maneuvers. There is safety in numbers, so the individual starlings do not scatter, but rather are able to move as an intelligent cloud, fainting away from a diving raptor, thousands of birds changing direction almost simultaneously and move in union. See more at: The incredible science behind starling murmurations by Jaymi Heimbuch & A Darwinian Dance by Grainger Hunt.

Image & Source: I shared at Fig.1:Logistic map  - Fig.2: Wildlife by Alan MacKenzie Photography - Fig.3: Murmurations.

Fig.4: Bifurcation diagram of the logistic map. Logistic systems bifurcate as their rates of change increase. - Fig.5: A Darwinian Dance - Fig.6: Starling Murmuration by midlander1231 on Flickr.- Fig.7: Starling, United Kingdom by John O Neill.

(via unskoolery)